Bottega del vino Dolcetto di Dogliani

Logo Dogliani Foto illustrativa
 

CLASSIFICATIONS IN ITALY: DOC AND DOCG


To better understand the Dogliani denominations and their peculiarities we must be clear about Italy's classification system and wine legislation. This nationally recognized system is based on a pyramidal structure, with the most restrictive designation at the top, and the others becoming less so as the territory of reference widens. At the top of pyramid is the DOCG, immediately followed by the DOC, scaling down to classifications such as the Langhe or Piedmont, and finally Vino da Tavola at the base. The Piedmont Region has chosen not to have a Piedmont IGT (Indicazione geografica tipica) designation so as to have more control over the varieties used in a wine even though the Region's name has become linked over the years to varieties with different, specific regulations.
DOC classified wines are those in which the vineyards are enrolled in a special viticultural records ("schedario viticolo"), and the production of a certain quantity of grapes must correspond to a determined area as defined in the "disciplinare", the system of rules and parameters that determine the quality and the characteristics of a denomination. From every hectare cultivated in this denomination, which is controlled through aerial surveys, 56 hectolitres of wine may be produced.
DOCG, which means "denominazione di origine controllata e garantita", (controlled and guaranteed place of origin), naturally implies more stringent standards in both its parameters and quality. The ratio of bottles to grape and wine yields is controlled even more strictly by counting the number of bottles actually put out on the market, which are identified by a numbered neck seal. Unlike the DOC, whose validity is definitive, DOCG wines, after being examined and declared worthy of the classification, receive certification regarding chemical and sensorial analysis valid for only 3 months. Each batch of wine must then undergo further testing to qualify for bottling, after which a precise number of bottles that may result.